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Today, there are poignant reminders of Romania's Jewish heritage and roots.
During the 19th century, the town became the center of Reform Judaism under the leadership of Rabbi Aaron Chorin. The interior features lovely naïve representations of scenes of Jerusalem, biblical animals, and symbols representing the tribes of Israel.During the 15th and 16th centuries, Polish Jewish merchants set up storehouses, trading posts, and eventually, permanent settlements.During the region's domination by the Turks, the Romanian Jewish Community evolved into a prosperous middle class.At the beginning of the 20th century, Bucharest's Jewish population numbered 40,000 with 70 temples and synagogues. Most of the tombs here are overgrown and sunken into the earth. In 1855, the city was the home of the first-ever Yiddish-language newspaper, and the birthplace of the Israeli national anthem.From this great number, only a few survived the brutality of history - fascism and communism – and two still serve the city's present Jewish community. Moses Rosen Museum of the History of the Jewish Community in Romania – Holocaust Museum Address: Str. The world's first professional Yiddish-language theater was opened here in 1876 by Avram Goldfaden, who later founded New York's first Jewish Theater.